In 2017, two bills were introduced in Congress to regulate revenue-participation agreements to some extent. Both have not made progress, although both cap the conditions that ISA students can offer. They also discussed the legal uncertainty associated with income-participation agreements and the market entry of income-participation agreements. Income-participation agreements are characterized by a percentage of future income for a given period. They can function as non-voting shares in a company where the individual student is treated as a business. In the U.S. system, this usually involves the investor transferring funds to a person in exchange for a fixed percentage of their future income.   Other features of income participation agreements may be (a) a fixed duration of income participation (b) an income exemption if the borrower does not owe below a certain income and/or (c) a buy-back option under which the borrower can pay a set royalty to leave the contract before full maturity. Some ISA investors offer different conditions to different students depending on their likelihood of success, while others offer the same conditions to all students. Potential investor groups could be for-profit companies, altruistic nonprofit organizations, alumni groups, educational institutions, and local, state, or federal governments.  Carlo Salerno, vice president of research at Campus Logic, said that neither approach to revenue-sharing agreements is intended to fully address the problem of increased funding. (Salerno launched a platform that allowed university students to market themselves directly to investors for financial aid purposes and was a former proponent of the revenue-participation model.
CampusLogic announced in June a partnership with Vemo.) “We generally agree that strong consumer protection is needed,” he said. “People should look for students so they are not exploited.” However, there are significant differences of opinion on proper federal oversight. Vemo supports a bipartisan law introduced by Young in July, which would place the ISA under the responsibility of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. However, consumer advocates believe that the Ministry of Education must also play a role in overseeing contracts. And Darcus argues that Senate legislation essentially provides exceptions to existing regulations regarding income-participation agreements. Students most in need of educational funding (including low-income students, minorities, and first-generation students) typically have limited social capital, such as family networks and career mentors, which are often critical to success in the job market. ISAs, which are complemented by career development, offer a good way to overcome such constraints.   Proponents of the ISA argue that this approach creates responsibilities for colleges that do not exist in the federal student loan program. But consumer advocates say these incentives aren`t approximate enough without strong oversight. .
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